In order not to limit you to design or to disrupt your imagination, no special theme has been determined.
You can have a theme, whether it is a historical theme from the past, a theme related to the present or the future. You can have many themes such as a fairy tale hero, flowers, animals, youth, women, family, space, sky, natural events, as well as themes such as if you want to think more technical; environment, pollution, sustainability.
After determining your theme, it will be easy to make the most appropriate fabric design. For example, if your theme is the wind, the fabric you will design can be a thin fabric that flies in the wind, it can also be a seasonal fabric with a sense of coolness. Colors can be colors that evoke your theme, which each color has a language. Given the mentioned themes, a dress flying in the wind may suggest designing more satin fabric and its derivatives, while cool wind may suggest designing twill and its derivatives. Based on the feelings of colors, if your theme is nature, you can use colors that evoke nature, for example, green, yellow, and if your theme is wealth, you can use colors such as purple, black.
At the fabric design stage, you are expected to combine your imagination with simple or complex pattern techniques and design your fabric, taking into account the relationship between your theme and fabric design.
The fabric you will design can be woven fabric or knitted fabric, which is the basic material in these fabrics that you can use as a single-color or multi-color yarn. In addition to a fabric that you will design with yarns, you can also use fabric as a floor and make new designs with printing techniques. It is also possible to design using all the techniques together.
Simple design keys are given for more detailed information in designs related to woven fabric and knitted fabric:
The basic types of woven fabrics are plain weave, twill and satin. All other woven fabrics are derivatives from these main fabrics designed using simple or complex pattern techniques. Many of you have heard of the main and derivative fabrics mentioned below under their special names in everyday life;
The most commonly used type of woven fabric is the plain weave. If the derivative mesh is not made, there is no spontaneous pattern effect and therefore it is very suitable as a floor when printing is desired, the print pattern does not disperse. When you want to make a pattern using colored yarns, you get line or column, band effects in the fabric, transverse or longitudinal, or both directions. Therefore, striped fabric means plain weave and ribs, one of its well-known derivatives.
If you want to get fabric consisting of square or rectangular blocks, you can make Panama fabric designs that are derived from plain weaves.
Known and heard plain weave derivatives calico, agauzelike muslin, canvas, poplin, cheesecloth, canton flannel, tergal, organza, taffeta, alpaca, etc.
It is a widely used type of fabric, such as plain weave, and is very preferred in upper and outer clothing. It creates diagonal (bias) lines to the right or left in the fabric. Because it creates a self-pattern effect, its surface is not very suitable for printing.
Herringbone, zigzag lines, etc. effects are obtained by twill derivatives. It is also the type of fabric suitable for making shaded diagonal line effects that start with a thin line and thicken and then thin again.
Widely known and used twill fabric types are gabardine, denim, diril, shayak, cachet, bleyser, tartan, lasticotin, cashmere, lumberjack shirt, etc.
Among the basic fabric types, it is a type of fabric that is less used.
It is very suitable for evening dresses due to its bright appearance, draping and soft-key structure. It is usually produced with silk, rayon and synthetic filament yarns.
It is suitable for use as a backdrop for shade effect and for motif placement in Motif fabrics.
If a wide variety of motifs are to be made, stars, tiles, etc., the best floor fabric is satin.
Well-known satin fabric types are cotton satin, sunshade satin, quilt satin, silk satin and atlas fabrics.
Basic types of knitted fabrics are plain weave (surprise), ribana (rubber weave), interlock and Harosh.
As with woven fabric, all other knitted fabrics are derived by incorporating ‘hanger’ and ‘jump’ loop structures with different techniques into the basic fabric types, all of which consist of standard loops.
Super (flat braid) derivatives; lacost, two threads, three threads, ringelli surprises, vanize, openwork, etc. while ribana-interlock derivatives; Thessaloniki, camisole, ottoman, double face, openwork, hair braid, execution, Swiss pike, etc. known and heard fabrics.
For knitted fabrics, you can make simple designs with Jacquard-free patterning techniques, and complex patterns with jacquard pattern techniques.
Regardless of the types of fabrics, fabrics with high casting are obtained with fine and low-twist yarns, silk, rayon raw material yarns.
For thick, coarse and winter-seasonal fabrics, thick yarns and animal fiber yarns such as wool are more suitable.
In fabrics to be used in summer products, fine yarns made of vegetable fibers such as cotton, linen, viscose with high thermal insulation properties are suitable.
In the fabrics to be feathered-bark, the yarns must be obtained from thick and discrete fibers. Otherwise, pubescence cannot be done at the desired rate.
Any floor fabric (weaving, knitting, etc.) with various printing techniques of color, pattern or motif that you design according to your theme.) you can applique on it or on a floor fabric specially selected for the pattern with various methods or techniques.
Factors affecting the design are less than the design of woven or knitted fabrics, and the number of colors that can be used and application methods are limited.
Digital printing, rotation printing, transfer Printing in the form of many fabric printing techniques and different coloring techniques are available and the design appropriate technique should be used.
The sheet should be prepared to include your theme and the story that suits your theme. Technical characteristics of the fabric you design with drawings or pictures of your designs (for example, if the design was made with colored yarns in a known fabric, the type of fabric, the characteristics of the yarn, etc. or if it is a newly designed fabric, technical drawings and simulations showing yarn connections, yarn specifications, etc. features) must be placed in the sheet.
Specifications are important in evaluating your designs in terms of manufacturability and authenticity criteria.